How malaria is treated, prevented and symptoms

Between July and November, most people suffer from malaria in india. Today we will know how malaria is treated. It is spread by a parasite named Plasmodium. Which enters the human body through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. They grow their offspring very fast in stagnant and dirty water. Malaria Malaria disease has decreased in India since few years.

Yet there are some states where even that time malaria spreads rapidly.  One of them is the state of Orissa, where 35 to 45 percent of the total cases of malaria are found.  If we talk about the whole of India. Orissa, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Tripura and Meghalaya are spread quickly.

 Although anti-malarial campaigns are conducted by the state governments from time to time.  Which is also getting very good results. Malaria is a vector-borne disease, it is caused by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. It only bites at night.

Mosquitoes are completely protected by the use of mosquito nets. The safest and easiest way to avoid mosquito is with a mosquito net. Its pickup time is the rainy month of July. In this month spreads malaria very fast.

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What is malaria

Malaria is a disease caused by the bite of an Anopheles female mosquito. These mosquitoes are more during the rainy season. Because rain water remains stored for a long time and this water becomes dirty and contaminated. This is where the malaria mosquito originates. A person starts getting malaria fever after being bitten by the mosquito. The bacteria of the Anopheles female mosquito sting enter the blood of a person and affect their cells and they become unwell.

How malaria is treated

preventing drug resistance in parasites Every patient whose blood test showed malaria should be treated. In P vivax malaria, give chloroquine tablet. Also give Primaquine for 14 days. If anyone develops jaundice, vomiting or abdominal pain while taking Primaquine, stop the medicine immediately and consult a doctor. Act it with artesunate sp. Falciparum is a method of how malaria is treated. Health workers do door-to-door survey for malaria fever If a patient has recently returned from the indicated place and he is proved to have malarial fever, then he should be given ACT. If the symptoms have not subsided even after giving chloroquine to a patient for 3 days, then he should be given ACT.

Symptoms of malaria

In malaria, there is a chill in the beginning, then there is shivering with high fever. Although no one has these symptoms, yet they are malaria positive. Sometimes there is no fever in malarial fever. And it keeps on increasing gradually. Patients are being very anemic due to lack of hemoglobin. It can also be dangerous. Malaria is completely different from normal fever and malaria fever keeps coming in every alternate days.

  • Chills and shivering 
  • Joint pain 
  • Headache
  • Vomiting or nausea 
  • Blood in urine 
  • Muscle pain 
  • Anemia
  • Diarrhea 
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Deeply seizure

Uncomplicated malara

In uncomplicated malaria, its symptoms are similar to those of the flu. This type of uncomplicated malaria with fewer symptoms does not cause much problems. (Malaria) it feels cold in the beginning, then it gets hot and sweats come. Then the fever gradually subsides. how malaria is treated

Types of malaria

Types of Malaria Malaria is often caused by a parasitic kind of parasite. Which is called plasmodium.  By the way, five types of malaria parasites are found all over the world. But in India it is found in two types. One is malaria falciparum and the other is malaria vivax. Following are the five types of malaria.
1- Malaria faciparum / Plasmodium falciparum- (Plasmodium falciparum) This is the most common type of malaria, a malaria parasite. And most of the malaria patients all over the world die by Plasmodium falciparum. 

2- Malaria vivas / Plasodium vivax- (Plasmodium Vivax) This parasite is milder than Plasmodium falciparum. But it can remain in the liver for 2 to 3 years.  As a result, it can happen again at any time.

3- Malaria ovale / Plasmodium ovale- – Plasmodium ovale, this is an unusual parasite. And it is mostly found in West African countries. 

4- Malaria malariae / Plasmodium malariae- Plasmodium malariae, It is a type of protozoa that causes vinyl malaria. Although it is not that dangerous, in this type of malaria, the protein comes out of the body.  It is almost non-existent in India.

5- Malaria knowlesi / Plasmodium knowlesi- Plasmodium knowlesi, This is a malaria parasite found in the Southeast Asia region. although its symptoms are similar to common malaria, it is not found in India. Also we will know how malaria is treated.

Stage of malaria (how malaria is treated)

There are generally three stages according to the symptoms of malaria.

1- Cold stage- This is the first stage of malaria, it causes nausea. There is vomiting, there is pain in the body and there is thirst, sometimes due to cold, the person starts trembling, vomiting of bile occurs. Hands and feet become cold as ice.

2- Heathrow stage- This is the second stage of malaria, in which a person gets high fever after feeling cold for some time. Which goes from 103 degrees to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. This state lasts for a long time.

3- Sweating stage- On the arrival of this stage, it should be understood that now the fever is about to come down. Malaria fever begins to subside by sweating. But some fever persists, if this condition persists for a long time, then the spleen and liver start affecting.

Suitable diet for malaria

To get relief from the side effects of Malaria, it is very important to change the diet. Let’s know about some special diets for malaria. That is how malaria is treated.
Tea should be made with basil leaves, black pepper, ginger cinnamon and drunk. Eat fruits like apple, guava, papaya, chikoo etc. Eat khichdi, porridge, sabudana etc. Along with fruits, eat sprouted pulses, grains and vegetables. Drink plenty of fluids when you have malaria. Simple and digestible food should be taken, along with green leafy vegetables, starchy rice and easily digestible things should be included in your diet. Also Drink a glass of warm water mixed with half a lemon and a spoonful of honey.

Avoid this food

Do not eat curd, shikanji, carrot, radish etc. Do not eat citrus fruits like mango, pomegranate, litchi, pineapple and orange at all. Do not eat or drink food made from chili, spice at all. how malaria is treated.

How prevent malaria

Keep cleanliness around the house as well as do not allow water to accumulate around the house.  Do not turn on the AC or cooler in the rooms of the victim. When malaria occurs, it feels very cold. Therefore, keep the victim wearing warm clothes. Use boiled and cooled water for drinking. Also be sure to use mosquito nets. For know how malaria is treated.

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