Many such children are also found around us who are not physically or mentally healthy or they are suffering from a disease called Cerebral Palsy fits. Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that affects a child’s ability to move and move around.
Actually, the word cerebral refers to both parts of the brain and the word palsy refers to a weakness or problem of physical movement. It is a type of disability in which children have problems with holding objects and walking.
Symptoms of this disorder begin to appear in young children, usually more than two symptoms appear in children suffering from cerebral palsy. Such as weakness in the muscles and loosening of the limbs or the body’s structure is not correct etc.
In some people, the symptoms reach a serious stage if treatment is not started at the right time. According to the doctor, the treatment of cerebral palsy cannot be done for children below three years of age, but children above three years of age can be treated.
What is cerebral palsy fits
Cerebral palsy is a problem with the brain and muscles in children that occurs in about 2 to 3 out of 1,000 children over the age. According to a survey. This disease is caused by an injury to some part of the brain, which is one of the most common motor diseases in children.
The disease is not contagious and is not progressive, which means that the symptoms do not increase or worsen over time. However, these symptoms may vary from child to child and it is based on the severity of the symptoms in cerebral palsy fits.
And condition that it can be determined which child will need the kind of help. For example, if a child has a severe condition, they may need special support and equipment, while a child with fewer symptoms will need relatively little help.
Causes of cerebral palsy fits
Often many parents come with many such questions to know the causes and factors of this disease, or whether this disease can ever be cured or not. Previously, some doctors believed that the main reason for having cerebral palsy was not getting the right amount of oxygen to the baby in the mother’s uterus when she is pregnant but according to new research, there are very few cases in which due to lack of oxygen to the baby, they get cerebral palsy fits. There is problem.
Not all children with cerebral palsy are born with the disease at birth, with some cases developing the disease during the period of their brain development shortly after birth. Some of the causes of having cerebral palsy are as follows:
- due to lack of proper blood flow to the brain
- due to head injury
- due to brain injury
- Certain infections such as meningitis or encephalitis (meningitis) etc.
Symptoms of cerebral palsy fits
The disability associated with cerebral palsy may be mainly limited to one part of the body or one side of the body, or it may affect the entire body. The disturbances in the brain that cause cerebral palsy fits do not change over time. Therefore, the symptoms usually do not increase with increasing age. However, the shortening and stiffness of muscles must be treated early, or else the problem may escalate.
- Variations in muscle tension, such as too little or too much stretching
- Stiff muscles as well as contracting, also called “spasticity“
- hard muscles that do not have stiffness, also called “rigidity”
- Loss of muscle balance, also known as “ataxia”
- movement in the body on its own, also called a “tremor”
- slowing down of activities and feeling pain while doing them, also known as “athetosis”
- Taking longer than usual to be able to do muscle-related activities,
- such as being able to get up with arms, be able to sit without support, or walk on your knees
- Less use of one side of the body than the other, such as using one hand more or less than the other, or dragging one leg to kneel
Difficulty walking, such as walking on toes, sloping gait, scissor-like bending of knees inward
- profuse salivation and difficulty swallowing
- difficulty sucking or eating
- speech delay or difficulty speaking
- inability to perform tasks such as lifting crayons or spoons
Types of cerebral palsy
Based on the symptoms and the area of the brain affected, cerebral palsy fits is divided into the following four types:
1- Spasticity cerebral palsy
This type is the most common type and is found in the majority of cases. People with spasticity cerebral palsy have very toned muscles, due to which their muscles remain very stiff, due to which they have to face difficulty in moving.
2- Diskinetic cerebral palsy
It is the second most common type of cerebral palsy and includes symptoms such as dystonia (frequent speech or difficulty speaking), athetosis (writing movements), and chorea (inability to move properly). For such people, the walking speed can either be slow or it can be very jerky and also very fast. In some cases, even the face and tongue of the patient can be affected, due to which there may be problem in talking, eating.
3- Ataxic cerebral palsy
This type is the least common, hindering the victim’s reconciliation. A person with this type of CP may have great difficulty walking, speaking, eating, or making sudden movements.
4- Mixed cerebral palsy
This type refers to a problem where a person’s symptoms consist of a mixture of two or more symptoms.
Cerebral palsy diagnosis
Many parents are concerned about the muscle movements of their children whether their child has any kind of deformity, the best way to diagnose it is to take care of your child’s muscles to see if there is any kind of disorder or There is no problem in walking. Apart from this, some things that should be taken care of are as follows:
- how the child grasps objects or learns to walk
- leaning to one side of the body
- Difficulty standing even with support
- stiffness in legs
- Back bending of the baby’s waist when lifting
There is no specific test for cerebral palsy or CP, but there are some tests that can tell whether your child has CP or not. Some common methods of testing include:
Electroensephalogram (ECG): Usually done in children who have seizures, the test records your child’s brain activity using a series of electrodes.
Brain scan: MRI, cranial ultrasound.
Lab test: Blood and urine tests can help rule out genetic and metabolic problems.
Mescllanious test: To determine which part of the body is affected by cerebral palsy, you may be referred to specialists who can help diagnose the following:
- to speak
Furthermore, no test can detect cerebral palsy or cerebral palsy while the baby is still in the womb.
Cerebral palsy fits treatment
Although the treatment of cerebral palsy cannot cure the child completely, it can certainly help in the development of the child in many ways. Medicines, surgery and therapy are the most common forms of treatment for this disease. Surgery involving muscle release, tendon release, hip dislocation, or scoliosis can be helpful for children in many cases.
Therapy such as aqua, music, behavioral, physical and bowel etc. are also very helpful in reducing weakness in children. Even non-archaic methods such as botox and plaster contribute greatly to the correction of cerebral palsy fits today.
By applying botox to the muscles, it removes the stiffness of the muscles and gives them stamina. Whereas the plaster can help prevent flexion of the lower limb of the child which can later help in normal movement and reduce muscle tension.